The Surgical Division comprises the Surgical Unit,
Physiotherapy Section, Artificial Limbs and Footwear Section, X-ray Section and
Micro-cellular Rubber Sheets manufacturing Unit.
The functions of the Surgical Division can be grouped as
I) Patient care activities.
II) Teaching and Training Programs.
Patient Care Activities:
Surgical Division provides both Out-Patients and In-Patients services for
leprosy patients who come from different parts of the country, besides
surrounding regions. Treatment in the areas of deformities and deformity prone
conditions are extended. Both surgical and non-surgical methods are applied for
treating patients so that permanent disabilities and handicaps are prevented.
Physiotherapy Section has continued to play an active and very important role
in providing Physiotherapy services to both Out-Patients and In-Patients.
Besides patient care activities, the staff of this section has also been
involved in the various research projects conducted by the Surgical Division by
way of evaluation of deformities, assessment of motor and sensory status and
functional assessments. The staff of the section were also involved in the
various teaching and training programs conducted by the institute particularly
so for the nine months Leprosy Physiotherapy Technicians Course. The staff of
Physiotherapy Section were also actively involved in counselling of patients by
imparting health education in the care of insensitive hands and feet, an
important and decisive factor in the prevention of deformities and disabilities
The treatment modalities employed are hand and foot
exercises, wax therapy, oil massage, short wave diathermy, ultra-sound therapy,
transcutaneous nerve stimulation, infra-red treatment, interferential therapy
and electrical stimulation of muscles and nerves. Various modalities of
treatment given as number of sessions for each, are given below.
X-ray Unit attached to the Surgical Section caters to the needs of all clinical
units in the institute. A SIEMEN’S 500 m.A. X-ray machine with micro-processor
controls, which can be used besides taking routine X-rays for tomography work
is functioning, in addition there is also a Portable X-ray Plant (Siemen’s 30
Micro-Cellular Rubber Mill is a small production unit manufacturing
micro-cellular rubber sheets of the quantity needed for use in the
manufacturing of footwear for leprosy patients.
Artificial Limb And Footwear Centre:
Artificial Limb and Footwear Centre supplies the different items of footwear
and prosthesis to Leprosy patients